Mathematics is the study of using numbers and measurement to understand the world.

## Infinity is a NumberMyth

Infinity (∞) isn’t a number, it’s a concept. It describes something that can’t be expressed by a “finite” natural or real number.

## There are Different Types of InfinityFact

There are different types of infinity (∞) which differ by size, countability, “flavor” and more. Most types have practical real world applications.

## Physics is Different than MetaphysicsFact

Physics is a branch of physical science rooted in math that asks “how does it work?” Metaphysics is a broad branch of philosophy that asks, “What is its true nature?”

## The Earth Isn’t FlatFact

The Earth is not flat; the Earth is an oblate spheroid (a bumpy sphere with a fat equator and skinny poles). There are many ways to prove the earth’s geometry.

## E=mc^2 (Mass and Energy are Equivalent)Fact

Einstein’s mass-energy equivalence equation (E=mc2) shows that mass and energy are equivalent (but not “exactly the same”) properties of a physical system.

## Bayes’ Theorem Can Calculate Probable TruthFact

Bayes’ theorem is a probability theory used to calculate the likelihood of an event being true or not true based on conditions related to the event. (i.e. an equation used for calculating conditional probabilities).

## Pi is an Irrational NumberFact

Pi (π) is an irrational number, meaning it represents a real number with a non-repeating pattern that can’t fully be expressed.

## Correlation Does Not Imply CausationFact

Correlation does not imply causation, but it can indicate it. The more correlating factors between events, the more likely there is a causal relationship.

## Past Outcomes of Random Events Affect Future OutcomesMyth

Past results of random independent events, like a coin flip, don’t affect future results. The mistaken belief that past results affect future results is known as “the Gambler’s Fallacy” (AKA the Fallacy of the Maturity of Chances, or the Monte Carlo Fallacy).

## Computers Can Generate True Random NumbersFact

Computers can’t generate truly random numbers in the purest sense with software alone. However, computers can generate truly random numbers with the help of natural random events.