Statistics is a field of mathematics and logic that tackles problems and makes predictions by analyzing, organizing, and interpreting data.

Everything That’s True Can Be Proven

Everything is either true or not true, but not everything that is true can be proven true, and not everything false can be proven false.

Conway’s Game of Life Models Evolution

The Game of Life - a cellular automaton

Conway’s Game of Life is a simple rule-set that models the evolution of systems. It’s a “zero-player” computer program that demonstrates “cellular automata”.

Bayes’ Theorem Can Calculate Probable Truth

Bayes' theorem

Bayes’ theorem is a probability theory used to calculate the likelihood of an event being true or not true based on conditions related to the event. (i.e. an equation used for calculating conditional probabilities).

Correlation Does Not Imply Causation

Correlation Doesn't Imply Causation

Correlation does not imply causation, but it can indicate it. The more correlating factors between events, the more likely there is a causal relationship.

Past Outcomes of Random Events Affect Future Outcomes

Do Past Outcomes of Random Events Affect Future Outcomes?

Past results of random independent events, like a coin flip, don’t affect future results. The mistaken belief that past results affect future results is known as “the Gambler’s Fallacy” (AKA the Fallacy of the Maturity of Chances, or the Monte Carlo Fallacy).

Computers Can Generate True Random Numbers

Can Computers Generate True Random Numbers?

Computers can’t generate truly random numbers in the purest sense with software alone. However, computers can generate truly random numbers with the help of natural random events.