Puma, mountain lion, cougar are all the same cat

Mountain lion, puma, cougar, and panther are all are all different names for the same species of cat.

What is the difference between a Mountain lion, puma, cougar, and panther? There isn’t any. By any name, this “cat of many names” is the same species of cat.[1][2][3]

A Cougar, scientifically named Puma concolor, also goes by names like red tiger, mountain screamer, painter, and catamount. In fact, it has so many names it actually holds one of the Guinness World Records for having the most names due to having more names than almost any other mammal (40 in English alone).

These names generally originate from the many different places where the Cougar is found. Speaking of which, although all of these names are names for the same type of cat, there are slight differences in size relating to the name and location of the cat due to regional factors like diet and climate.


Despite some geographical differences like size, a mountain lion, puma, cougar, and panther are all the same cat.


  1. Mountain Lion (Puma, Cougar) Puma concolor. Animals.SanDiegoZoo.Org.
  2. Cougar. Wikipedia.org.
  3. Folkard, C. (2004). The Guinness Book of World Records. Bt Bound. p. 49.

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