Niccolò Machiavelli can be considered the father of modern political science, and his book The Prince one of the first works of modern political philosophy (if not just modern philosophy).
Literature is a broad category that contains all written works. The term derives from Latin litaritura/litteratura meaning “writing formed with letters”. Books, poetry, fiction, non-fiction, and even emails and facebook posts can be literature.
Saul Alinsky, the American community organizer and author of Rules for Radicals, can be considered the father of modern community organizing.
We explain Adam Smith as a Moral Philosopher, and explore how his Theory of Moral Sentiments connects to his economic theory from The Wealth of Nations.
Isaac Newton produced many well-known works in math, astronomy, and physics, but he produced about as many unpublished works which dealt with theology, alchemy, and the occult.