Philosophy of law is a branch of philosophy and jurisprudence that seeks to understand the physical, logical, ethical, and moral aspects of justice and law. Here law isn’t just looked at in an analytical way, but in a philosophical context that considers the metaphysical aspects of justice. In other words, it looks not only at the letter of the law, but at the spirit of the laws.


Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances

Separation of Powers

Separation of Powers describes the way in which government is divided into different branches (ex. in the U.S., the legislative, executive, and judicial). Checks and balances describe the powers each branch has to “check” the other branches and ensure a balance of power.