The four “elements” (or “powers”) that form the foundation of government can roughly be expressed as: citizens, executive, legislative, and judicial.
Virtue theory, or virtue ethics, is the philosophy of vices and virtues, a branch of philosophy that looks at normative ethics in terms of virtue.
That probably sounds more metaphysical than it is, but it isn’t pure metaphysics… it is ethics based on moral principles, it is a type of practical metaphysics.
We present a list of vices and virtues and look at vices and virtues as understood by philosophers like Aristotle and Aquinas.
We present a discussion on “the meaning of life as happiness,”the Greatest Happiness Theory,” “the Good Life,”the Pursuit of Happiness,” and Virtue Theory.
Areté roughly means “moral virtue”. It refers to an innate “excellence” or “essence” in all things, and the striving toward that potential or purpose.