Classically speaking, the term Polity means “state” or “form of government”, but implies an “ideal state” or “ideal form of government”.
Political Science is the science of politics, or the science of the nation-state. It is the art of diplomacy, the study of ideas, ideologies, and influence, the science of strategy, economics, and rhetoric, and more. Perhaps political science is best summed up by Aristotle in his discussing of man’s role in creating the ideal nation-city-state:
“Political science aims at what is the highest of all goods achievable by action…. though it is worth while to attain the end [AKA happiness/arete/”the greatest good”/”the highest good”] merely for one man, it is finer and more godlike to attain it for a nation or for city-states. These, then, are the ends at which our inquiry aims, since it is political science, in one sense of that term.” – Aristotle on the meaning of life, virtue, morals, ethics, and the city-state, Nicomachean Ethics 350 BC
The KKK and slavery both have their roots in the Democratic party (previously the anti-Federalists); the party’s aversion to aristocracy allowed for both at one time, but that changed.
What we call the political left and right are an advent of liberty and the human condition. Once people are free to express themselves, they will create a left and right.
The concept of political correctness can be understood as an excess or deficiency of a few key virtues. Here is a model of “the virtues of political correctness” based on Aristotle’s virtue theory of means.
A Republic is a lawful, constitutional, and sovereign state in which a sovereign people are represented by representatives.
To understand the climate change debate, it is important to clarify some confusion regarding climate change denial and skepticism.
In his Republic (Books VIII and IX), Plato examines how different forms of governments, including Democracy, can lead to Tyranny.
“Alternative facts” is a term coined by Trump’s White House counselor Kellyanne Conway to describe questionable information presented as facts.