Political Science is the science of politics, or the science of the nation-state. It is the art of diplomacy, the study of ideas, ideologies, and influence, the science of strategy, economics, and rhetoric, and more. Perhaps political science is best summed up by Aristotle in his discussing of man’s role in creating the ideal nation-city-state:

“Political science aims at what is the highest of all goods achievable by action….  though it is worth while to attain the end [AKA happiness/arete/”the greatest good”/”the highest good”] merely for one man, it is finer and more godlike to attain it for a nation or for city-states. These, then, are the ends at which our inquiry aims, since it is political science, in one sense of that term.”  – Aristotle on the meaning of life, virtue, morals, ethics, and the city-state, Nicomachean Ethics 350 BC


What is a Polity?

Classically speaking, the term Polity means “state” or “form of government”, but implies an “ideal state” or “ideal form of government”.


Policy is Different Than Politics Fact

Politics and policy are different aspects of government. Policy makers must reconcile policy (specific actionable rules) with politics (political ideology, party politics, and policy implementation).




The Virtues of Political Correctness

The concept of political correctness can be understood as an excess or deficiency of a few key virtues. Here is a model of “the virtues of political correctness” based on Aristotle’s virtue theory of means.


What is a Republic?

A Republic is a lawful, constitutional, and sovereign state in which a sovereign people are represented by representatives.




What is an Alternative Fact?

“Alternative facts” is a term coined by Trump’s White House counselor Kellyanne Conway to describe questionable information presented as facts.