Politicians are people holding or seeking office in government and participating in both the art and science of government.
“Politics is derived from the words poly and ticks…Poly meaning many, and ticks meaning blood sucking parasites…” – The Smoothers Brothers
Thomas Jefferson is credited with having said, “equal rights for all, special privileges for none,” a slogan that other progressive Democrats like Williams Jennings Bryan embraced.
William Jennings Bryan can be considered the father of modern American left-wing and right-wing populism, including progressivism, the religious right, workers’ movements like the free-silver movement, the income tax, direct elections of Senators, and more.
George Washington ran without any serious opposition in 1789 and 1792 and James Monroe was re-elected without serious opposition in 1820. Thus, we can say “they ran unopposed” and be mostly correct.
In the U.S., the President and Vice President are elected by getting a majority of electoral college votes, they are not elected by popular vote.