Blaise Pascal was a French polymath who co-invented probability theory, contributed to fluid mechanics, built an early mechanical calculator, and contributed to philosophy. He is famous for his philosophical wager (now known as Pascal’s wager), his Pascal’s triangle which relates to probability, and a unit of pressure is named after him called “the Pascal”.

## Charles Babbage is the Father of the ComputerFact

Charles Babbage can be considered “the father of the computer” as he invented the first mechanical computer (the Difference Engine 1822) and ”the first general-purpose computer” (the Analytical Engine 1837).

## The More Instances Considered, The More Theoretical and Actual Results ConvergeFact

The law of large numbers says, the more instances of a probable event that are considered, the more the theoretical and actual results converge.

## A Fluid is Any Substance That FlowsFact

A fluid is any substance that flows, including liquids, gasses, plasmas, and to some extent, even plastic solids like Silly Putty.

## Nature Abhors a VacuumFact

Aristotle once postulated “horror vacui” (Nature Abhors a Vacuum). It turns out nature really can’t stand a perfect vacuum.

## Probability Theory Was Invented to Solve a Gambling ProblemFact

Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat invented probability theory in 1654 to solve a gambling problem related to expected outcomes.

## Ada Lovelace Wrote the First Computer ProgramMyth

British mathematician Ada Lovelace can be considered the mother of computer programing, as she wrote the first complex algorithm meant to be carried out by a machine. However, it is a myth that Ada Lovelace wrote “the first computer program” or was “the first computer programmer”, that title belongs to Charles Babbage.