Niccolo Machiavelli is the father of modern political science. He wrote the book on political realism, and underhanded political tactics, after his political career was ended by a hereditary prince.

Consequently,┬áMachiavelli’s book, The Prince, can be read as satire meant to teach high level political tactics to anyone other than the hereditary prince who took over the free Republic┬áMachiavelli enjoyed in Florence.

Plato Vs. Aristotle (Politics)

Plato can be understood as the father of rationalism and political philosophy (political idealism), and Aristotle, his student, the father of empiricism and political science (political realism).