A collection of explainers, references, opinions, and other supplementary material to help you better understand our collection of facts and myths.


Political Duopolies

We explain political duopolies by looking at the political duopoly in the United States of America and other historic duopolies.

The Progressive Federal Income Tax System Explained

In America we have a Progressive Federal Income Tax system broken down into “tax brackets”. Tax Filers pay the “marginal tax rate” on each dollar of income in a given bracket (after most deductions, but before tax credits).

Separation of Powers Metaphor

The four “elements” (or “powers”) that form the foundation of government can roughly be expressed as: citizens, executive, legislative, and judicial.

Where Does the State of Nature Argument Come From?

We often attribute the origin of the state of nature argument to Hobbes, but it can be traced to thinkers like Plato, Aristotle, and the Sophists in the 300s BC, and is then mused on by other early philosophers.