A collection of explainers, references, and other supplementary material to help you better understand our collection of facts and myths.

Velocity of Money Explained

Velocity of Money is a measure of money exchanged over time, typically how often and quickly the average dollar is exchanged per day.

Areté Explained

Areté roughly means “moral virtue”. It refers to an innate “excellence” or “essence” in all things, and the striving toward that potential or purpose.

What is a Useful Idiot?

“Useful Idiot” is a political term describing a person who spreads propaganda for a group (useful), whose goals they aren’t fully aware of (idiot).

In-groups and Out-groups Explained

An “in-group” is a group you are part of (genetically, culturally, or ideologically), while an “out-group” is a group you aren’t part of.

Conspiracy Theories Explained

We explain the concept of conspiracy theories, including why people formulate them, using examples of famous conspiracy theories from history.

Reference Frames Examples (Physics)

Reference frames and relativity in physics explained using math-free examples. We cover: frames of reference, inertial frames, accelerated frames, and relativity.

Hardwired Versus Softwired (Brain)

In pop-science, in reference to the brain, you’ll hear the terms “hardwired” and “softwired”, hardwired means genetically programed and softwired means learned.

The Physical Constants Explained

The physical constants are measurable properties of the physical universe that don’t change, everything else is relative to these constants.

Western Astrology Explained

Astrology is a system of fortune telling that assigns meaning to planets based on symbolism relating to old theories like alchemy, the classical elements, and what we now called “mythology”