Madison was one of the more centered figures in early American politics. Standing only 5′ 4” – 5′ 6” Madison wasn’t the tallest President (that is Lincoln) or founding father (think that was Washington), but he did contribute more to America in terms of the principles and structure underlying the Republic than any person in American history. Unlike most of his peers, Madison supported both Federalist and Anti-Federalist principles, however, when push came to shove, he ran as a Democratic-Republican (an offshoot of the anti-Federalists).
Bernie Sanders can still technically be elected President by electors (who vote December 19th, 2016). This could be done by 270 electors voting for Bernie, or by Trump being deprived a 270 majority and the House electing Bernie.
Separation of Powers describes the way in which government is divided into different branches (ex. in the U.S., the legislative, executive, and judicial). Checks and balances describe the powers each branch has to “check” the other branches and ensure a balance of power.
The Federalists and Anti-Federalists were the first political factions of the U.S.. They arose out of a debate over the ratification of the 1787 Constitution and went on to form the basis of our current two-party system.
The Philosophy of Governments It can be very attractive to have a list of government types, but yet that list may teach a person very little. Here instead is a look at the philosophy behind the government types that create that list. For a simpler list and look, see our page on “the types of . . . read more
Below is the Federalist #10, written by James Madison, and reprinted in full. We explain, annotate, and offer context on the Federalist #10.
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