Although we can consider Jeremy Bentham the founder of modern Utilitarianism, and his successor John Stuart Mill the one who popularized it, early Greek philosophers like Aristotle, Aristippus and Epicurus presented the original Utilitarian / Consequentialist / Greatest Happiness theories.
Virtue theory, or virtue ethics, is the philosophy of vices and virtues, a branch of philosophy that looks at normative ethics in terms of virtue.
That probably sounds more metaphysical than it is, but it isn’t pure metaphysics… it is ethics based on moral principles, it is a type of practical metaphysics.
Factoids tagged with "Virtue Theory"
Blog Posts tagged with "Virtue Theory"
Good Faith is a true attempt, Bad Faith is an intentionally dishonest attempt, Duty is the moral and ethical obligation to make Good Faith attempts.
We explain Plato’s Allegory of the Cave and Plato’s Theory of the Forms to help readers understand the essence of Plato’s overarching theory.
There are a few theories that deal with the nature of abstractions including: Dialectics and the Golden Mean theory. We offer a “synthesis” of these theories.
Criminal virtue is a concept eluded to in Machiavelli’s the Prince. It describes calculated “criminal acts” that can help one get ahead in politics.
All knowledge, all human understanding, can be said to be of four types: physical (empirical), logical (reason), ethical (philosophy in-action), and metaphysical (pure philosophy).
Principles are, in a broad sense, simply rule-sets which we follow. Below we will discuss the importance of different types of principles.
The concept of political correctness can be understood as an excess or deficiency of a few key virtues. Here is a model of “the virtues of political correctness” based on Aristotle’s virtue theory of means.
Plato’s Republic, utilitarianism, the philosophies of morality, ethics, politics, virtue, and law are all centered around one question “what is justice?” (AKA “what is fairness?”).
On this page we discuss the concepts of fairness, justice, morality, and ethics as they relate to Utilitarianism.
The four “elements” (or “powers”) that form the foundation of government can roughly be expressed as: citizens, executive, legislative, and judicial.
We present a list of vices and virtues and look at vices and virtues as understood by philosophers like Aristotle and Aquinas.
We present a discussion on “the meaning of life as happiness” according to the past philosophers from Aristotle and Epicurus to John Stewart Mill and Immanuel Kant.
Areté roughly means “moral virtue”. It refers to an innate “excellence” or “essence” in all things, and the striving toward that potential or purpose.