Society refers to groups of people the cultures they form.


The Purpose of the Social Safety Net

The Social Safety net is a collection of welfare services meant to help people bounce up when they hit bottom, it is not meant as a net to trap the poor under.


What is Criminal Virtue?

Criminal virtue is a concept eluded to in Machiavelli’s the Prince. It describes calculated “criminal acts” that can help one get ahead in politics.



What is a Polity?

Classically speaking, the term Polity means “state” or “form of government”, but implies an “ideal state” or “ideal form of government”.


Policy is Different Than Politics Fact

Politics and policy are different aspects of government. Policy makers must reconcile policy (specific actionable rules) with politics (political ideology, party politics, and policy implementation).


The Virtues of Political Correctness

The concept of political correctness can be understood as an excess or deficiency of a few key virtues. Here is a model of “the virtues of political correctness” based on Aristotle’s virtue theory of means.


What is a Republic?

A Republic is a lawful, constitutional, and sovereign state in which a sovereign people are represented by representatives.


The Economy of Words

The Economy of Words: The art of communication using all symbolic measures afforded by digital paper. Or, how to communicate effectively, and with thrift.


What is an Alternative Fact?

“Alternative facts” is a term coined by Trump’s White House counselor Kellyanne Conway to describe questionable information presented as facts.