Society and Social Sciences is a broad category referring to the relationships between networks and groups of people, and the study of this.
Velocity of Money is a measure of money exchanged over time, typically how often and quickly the average dollar is exchanged per day.
The University of Al Quaraouiyine in Fes, Morocco is the oldest, still operating, degree granting university in the world. It was founded in 859 by Fathima Al-Fihri (a Muslim woman).
Areté roughly means “moral virtue”. It refers to an innate “excellence” or “essence” in all things, and the striving toward that potential or purpose.
“Useful Idiot” is a political insult that describes a person who is, through manipulation or not, useful to a political cause that is not their own without fully realizing their role.
An “in-group” is a group you are part of (genetically, culturally, or ideologically), while an “out-group” is a group you aren’t part of.